Zouk, like salsa, is a music that has a strong African component, while coming into reality by the Caribbean, particularly from West Indies: Guadeloupe and Martinique.
Today is very popular in Brazil, in France and in some African countries such as Cape Verde, Mozambique and especially Angola (where similar rhythms, belonging to the same family, such as kizomba, semba, kuduro and terraxinha).
As us back the interesting site www.zouk.it (created by the precious friend Enrico Vallini, a leading expert and connoisseur of this kind):
"Zouk received influences from Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Merengue bomb from Cuban Rumba, the Cadence of Haiti, from Jamaican Reggae from Calipso and the French Antilles and the Beguine Soca for Trinidad and Tobago.
Zouk has exploded in 1982 thanks to work of spreading the Group Kassav. So the producer and arranger Desvarieux recounts his evolution: "When we played we still did that African music was more elaborate rhythmic level but didn't have much harmony. Also playing European music and French folk music, we were able to create a kind of sound by blending the rhythms of "black music" and the harmony of the "white music". It was natural that this mixture was born in Guadeloupe and Martinique ideal meeting point between Africa and Europe. "
Zouk in the Creole dialect means feast, party. Zouker means dance.
In the years ' 80-' 90 ranged sets two different styles: while in Martinique you preferred the most romantic and slow "Zouk Love", in Guadeloupe loved the harder, faster: the "Zouk Beton" or "Chirè".
The inhabitants of West Indies dancing Zouk Love as our legendary brick dance ". Hugging your partner and you are moving with a rather pronounced hip movement. Zouk Beton or Chirè, which is faster, instead you can dance like a Merengue relatively fast.
Zouk in Brazil gave birth to a variant called lamba-zouk. Interesting what says the teacher baiana Evie Souto about his evolution:
"Today there is a Brazilian dance form of torque. A sensual shape, smooth, full of turns and hugs that takes place at the sound of different sounds that call themselves generically zouk. In the years ' 80 in Brazil the lambada. As music was the result of a mixture of nordestine and Caribbean sounds. As dance seems to derive from the "Carimbò", demonstrations were held in the years of the colony's popular appsthat you. When arriving in the region nordestina, received the influence of Forró and the sand of the beaches of Porto Seguro conquered natives and tourists, both Brazilians and foreigners.
In 1987 he became a worldwide phenomenon with forming the Group Kaoma. But already in 1992 his music went into extinction, with a symbolic funeral decreed in Rio de Janeiro from dee jay at the time. Meanwhile, the "lambadeiros" defied these predictions and sought other sounds to continue to dance. Zouk was the musical style that best lent him to dance lambada.
But in the end what is the correct name: lamba-zouk, zouk lambada or? Quoting Shakespeare: "what is a simple name? What they call rose, by any other name would not have the same scent? " Therefore more than the name it is important that we continue to keep alive this popular event of Brazilian culture … "
In zouk, Brazilians hot melee with alternate representations that are also typical of other popular dances such as the Forró estilizado. The characteristic of this dance is the alternation between melee and figures.
In recent years, here in Italy, is having some success Angolan kizomba, which despite its different forms of expression, as somehow reminds the dancing bachatango (in fact someone has even dubbed African tango). It is a phenomenon that is exploding especially in the North where phones are more numerous fans of bachata.
Lamba-zouk, zouk and kizomba actually are not new phenomena. In Rome there are zouk nights since ' 90. Already at that time there was a local, Safari, run by two pioneers of this genre: Africans Ousti and his brother dee jay: Insaf.
The Cape Verdean community then in Rome is particularly strong and for many years has zoukere evenings where playing often are the real stars of this genre.
To be reported afterward that in Terni, thanks to the work of Fernando Bum Bum and Michela Vernati, are several years dancing zouk.
In 1998, together with Oustì and Brazilian Marco Aurelio Arcanjo, organize the Marron Glacé of Rome an evening called "Brazil meets Africa" with the intent to mix the sound of zouk with Brazilian Forró, but the evening was a total fiasco.
Who knows, maybe the time was not ripe yet! But now the winds are changing: the public is looking for novelty and new emotions and are increasingly both students that the teachers who are looking with interest at these dances (to compensate for the decline of members of salsa)
"Will they lamba-zouk, zouk and kizomba to win the heart of salseros?"
Let's start by saying that today is the kizomba what seems to have made more converts among lovers of dance. We would, at this point, to wonder about the reasons. Surely while Kizomba is based mainly on the body to body, lamba-zouk is much fancier and surely starting agility and attitudes expected more. But it is said that, when people will tire of dancing embraced for the entire song, there may be some trend reversals.
In any case I think that hardly will win the most radical salseros these genres (which are already on a war footing) but it is possible, as is already happening in many nightclubs in Northern Italy, which in future will become an alternative of bachata (rather than of salsa).
The real danger is that once you enter in our schools and in our dance floors these dances will be real changes, moving away (as happened with the sauce) from what actually happens in the countries of origin (which at the time, strangely, no passionate feels the need to visit).
The other danger is that snuffing the deal many teachers (perhaps until yesterday even talking they suspected the existence) is going to throw up these kinds hoping to increase their ranks of students.
And so in the future we'll maybe read ads (not so ironic) like:
"Kizomba don't know dancing, but I teach the same!!!":(
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