la cumbia

La Cumbia

The cumbia is a dance and music genre that originated in Colombia and Panama, but now has become popular in the rest of Latin America and has many variations and adaptations.

The story goes that, in Colombia, cumbia originated in the Caribbean coast from the cultural fusion between the natives, slaves from Africa and the Spanish during the colonization. To Panama grew during the colonial era, with choreography, African music and dance steps derived from Andalusians, Galicians and natives.

Since 1940, the Colombian cumbia, began to expand in other countries of Latin America. Appeared, as well, other genres such as cumbia argentina, Mexican cumbia, Peruvian cumbia and cumbia.

The tools used by traditional cumbia band, are the drums, flutes, flute, maracas and Colombian guache[1]. The various adaptations of the genre might include violins, accordions, flutes and keyboards.

Meanwhile, the Mexican cumbia are frequently used instruments such as the electric guitar, bass guitar, timbaletas, conga[2]s, guiro and bass clarinet. In Peruvian cumbia, finally, you may notice the influence of genres such as salsa, merengue, bolero huayno[3].

The cumbia argentina, for example, is influenced by chama[4]mé and tango. A version of this genre, become popular over the past decade, is the cumbia villera.

The most obvious feature of the cumbia villera is the content of his lyrics, which usually deal with tell the life that revolves around alcohol and drugs.

Regarding the adjective "villera", in Argentina, is used in a derogatory way to refer to any person or thing who lives in difficult conditions.

In this type of cumbia, use term "villera" refers to the majority of groups living in the most desperate areas of Buenos Aires.

It originated in the second half of the 90 's in the slums of North of Buenos Aires and later spread to the rest of the province. The name of this current is derived from group Yerba Brava, from the name of their first album. Since 2000 have appeared several groups with similar style and were quickly labeled with the name of this genre.

In General, the perception that the Argentine people has the cumbia villera is that it is a stream of "vulgar" music and without wealth; people belonging to the middle and upper class who hear it often do so with the intention of having fun and not to believe that their lyrics and rhythms hide a profound message, given the differences between the language used and accepted as a cult.

The referral link is: entitled definition of cumbia-Qué es Significado y Concepto.

Translation and adaptation by Mariangela Bognolo to

August 21, 2015

[1] rhythmic idiophone instrument which accompanies the musical improvisations performed by tambor alegre. Has a wide body, originally made of bamboo and full of seeds; currently it is generally metal (brass), with streaks or perforations and small items inside, such as seeds or small stones and pieces of glass. Used by conjuntos de caña de millo.

[2] Percussion instrument.

[3] Huayño or Huayño is a musical genre and pre-Hispanic origins Peruvian Andean folk dance still widespread among the people of the Andes of Peru: born as traditional dance for religious ceremonies and festive of the Incas the Huayno is has developed and evolved under the Spanish influence, but he kept still its originality in the Peruvian and Bolivian sulleAnde , where it is still sung in quechua.

[4] Folk dance of northeast Argentina.

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